Huilo Huilo is part of a unique ecosystem in the Patagonian Rainforest, a region which is still relatively unexplored. Our engagement in scientific research and conservation in this area is internationally recognized.
The Valdivian ecoregion, also known as the Valdivian Rainforest is a part of this region. It is made up of a narrow strip of forest, which stretches approximately 1.600 km. south, from 35º to 47º south. It is one the 25 most valued and endangered ecoregions on the planet. Recognized as a biodiversity hotspot (Myers et al., 2000), its biological importance is due to its high amount of endemic species, its great variety of habitats and its unique vegetation.
Conservation research institutions have categorized these southern temperate virgin forests as globally important;
few places on earth are so ecologically intact (Bryan et al., 1997).
It is also a biogeographical island, divided from the other forest ecosystems in the Tertiary Period. It is home to extraordinary endemic species and a unique flora and fauna, which date back to the age of the super continent of Gondwana.
The Valdivian ecoregion has been naturally isolated for thousands of years and, as a result, a unique vegetation and animal life with very particular characteristics developed. It has some of the richest and most extraordinary biodiversity in the world (Dinerstein et al., 1995, 2001).
Unesco declared the Patagonian Temperate Rainforest, which stretches over an area of 2,000,000 hectares, a World Biosphere Reserve in 2007. The Huilo Huilo Biological Reserve is located at the very centre of this rainforest.
It consists of 100,000 hectares of luxuriant nature: a surprisingly diverse biology, glacial lakes, a multitude of rivers, the greatest diversity of fern species in continental Chile and a great number of endangered species. This area is very different to the better-known Patagonian pampas farther south.